TFSAs and RRSPs can provide significant tax savings if you are seeking ways to save in a tax-efficient manner. To help you understand the difference between the two, we compare:
- TFSA versus RRSP – Differences in deposits
- TFSA versus RRSP – Differences in withdrawals
1) TFSA versus RRSP – Differences in deposits
There are several areas to look at when comparing differences in deposits for TFSAs and RRSPs in 2021:
- Contribution Room
- Carry Forward
- Contribution and Tax Deductibility
- Tax Treatment of Growth
How much contribution room do I have?
If you have never contributed to a TFSA before, you can contribute up to $75,500, today. This table outlines the contribution amount you are allowed each year, from the time TFSAs were created, to now:
For RRSPs, the deduction limit is always 18% of your previous year’s pre-tax earnings, to a maximum of $27,830. For example, if you earned $60,000 in 2020, then your deduction limit for 2021 would be $10,800 (18% x $60,000). If you earned $200,000, your deduction limit would be capped at the maximum of $27,830.
How much contribution room can I carry forward?
If you choose not to contribute to your TFSA one year or do not contribute the maximum amount in a year, you can indefinitely carry forward your unused contribution room. The only restrictions on this are: 1) you must be a Canadian resident, 2) be older than 18, and 3) have a valid social insurance number. If you make a withdrawal, the amount you withdrew is added on top of your annual contribution room for the next calendar year.
For an RRSP, you can carry forward your unused contribution room until the age of 71. When you turn 71, you must convert your RRSP into an RRIF. If you make a withdrawal from your RRSP, you do not need to open any additional contribution room.
Contributions and Tax Deductibility
Your TFSA contributions are not tax-deductible and are made with after-tax dollars.
Your RRSP contributions are tax-deductible and made with pre-tax dollars.
Tax Treatment of Growth
One reason it is essential to make both RRSP and TFSA contributions, is that growth in them is treated differently.
A TFSA is more suitable for short-term objectives, like saving for a down payment for a house or a vacation, because all of the growth in a TFSA is tax-free. When you make a withdrawal from your TFSA, you do not have to pay income tax on the amount withdrawn.
The growth in an RRSP is tax-deferred. This means you will not pay any taxes on your RRSP gains until age 71, at which time, you convert RRSP into a RRIF and begin withdrawing money. RRSPs are better suited for long-term goals, like retirement. Since you have a lower income in retirement than you do when you are working, you will be in a lower tax bracket; thus, not having to pay as much tax on your RRIF income.
2) TFSA versus RRSP – Differences in withdrawals
There are several areas to focus on when comparing differences in withdrawal for TFSAs and RRSPs for 2021:
- Conversion Requirements
- Tax Treatment
- Government Benefits
- Contribution Room
For a TFSA, there are never any conversion requirements as there is no maximum age for a TFSA.
For an RRSP, you must convert it to a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF) if you turn 71 by December 31st, 2021.
Tax Treatment of withdrawals
One of the most attractive things about a TFSA is that all your withdrawals are tax-free! This is why they are recommended for short-term goals; you don’t have to worry about taxes when you take money out to pay for a house or a dream vacation.
With an RRSP, if you make a withdrawal it will be taxed as income, with the exception of two cases:
- The Home Buyers Plan lets you withdraw up to $35,000 tax-free, but you must pay it back within fifteen years.
- The Lifelong Learning Plan lets you withdraw up to $20,000 ($10,000 maximum per year) tax-free, but you must pay it back within ten years.
How will my government benefits be impacted?
If you are making a withdrawal from your TFSA or RRSP, it is essential to know how that will affect any benefits you receive from the government.
Since TFSA withdrawals are not considered taxable income, they will not impact your eligibility for income-tested government benefits.
RRSP withdrawals are considered taxable income and can affect the following:
- Income-tested tax credits, such as Canada Child Tax Benefit, the Working Income Tax Benefit, the Goods and Services Tax Credit, and the Age Credit.
- Government benefits including Old Age Security, Guaranteed Income Supplement, and Employment Insurance.
How will a withdrawal impact my contribution room?
If you make a withdrawal from your TFSA, the amount you withdrew will be added on top of your annual contribution room for the next calendar year. If you make a withdrawal from your RRSP, you do not need to open any additional contribution room.
RRSPs and TFSAs can both be great savings vehicles. However, there are significant differences between them, which can affect your finances. If you need help navigating these differences, please do not hesitate to contact us.